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Clean Entrance Makeover

05/14/2015 16:12 pm

This was a nice clean project we did a couple of years ago that replaced the timbers and outdated pavers with segmented wall units and new pavers.

Useful Watering Hints

07/11/2014 8:46 am

General Watering Instructions

 

·        Why Water?
New Plantings: New plants do not yet have sufficient root systems to sustain themselves. The idea is to water regularly so that the roots will grow deeply into the soil, eventually providing enough root structure to be self-sustaining in all but extreme drought. 

Established Plantings:  Most  older plantings (3 years or more) will tolerate dry periods; however, prolonged drought will necessitate the need to water regardless of the age of the planting.

·        When to Water
Water when nature does not provide adequate rainfall or simply when the ground around a plant is dry. (This is most critical with new plants.) Established plants may need watering during periods of heat and extended dryness. To determine watering needs, test the soil 3-4” down beside the plant to see if it is dry or moist to the touch. If you have been watering properly or it’s been raining adequately the soil should be moist at that depth. The soil should not be soaking wet and should occasionally be somewhat dry for air to enter. Most plants actually prefer to become moderately dry before they are watered again. The growth of the root system is dependent on a balance between earth, water and air in the soil. Your judgment must enter into the “to water or not” process. Example:  If it rains an inch, the soil will absorb water to a certain depth, but if you just watered, that same rain would penetrate more deeply.

Watering in early morning is preferable over any other time of day because any water that inadvertently splashes on the foliage will have time to dry off before the heat of the day (avoiding scald). Evening watering tends to encourage problems such as mildew and other fungal diseases; however, do not hesitate to water when you see an immediate need.


Do not water when ground is frozen.

 

·        How to Water Plants
To water thoroughly, the water must be absorbed by the soil very slowly. A garden hose (without a nozzle) should be laid next to each plant and turned down to a trickle and left to run as follows:

1. Perennials, groundcovers, and small plantings: water 3-4 times per week for the first three weeks, and two times per week thereafter until the ground freezes. Apply water at the base of the plant for 10-20 seconds.

2. Shrubs & Small Evergreens: water twice per week for first three weeks, thereafter once per week. Apply water at the base of the plant for 2-3 minutes

3. Shade, Ornamental Trees, & large evergreens: water no more than once per week. Apply water over the root zone slowly for 10 minutes. Watering every other week in this manner may prove to be adequate.

·        Special Tips
1. IMPORTANT: Water the soil not the foliage. Wet leaves are highly susceptible to bacterial and fungal disease. Constant water spray onto foliage will degrade the plant foliar structure.

2. Mulch will reduce your watering needs. A 2-3” base of mulch around your plants can reduce watering needs as much as 50% by limiting evaporation of moisture from the soil by sun and wind.

3. Plants in full sun will require more frequent watering. Plants in shade will dry out less quickly and will require water less frequently

4. Hot and windy weather conditions will require more frequent watering.


5. Soaker hose systems can be effective and can be used in conjuncture with a programmable timer to turn it on and off. The soil should be checked with your fingers regularly to ensure that it is not getting too wet or is too dry.

 

·       
  
Is it possible to overwater?
Yes! Overwatering is defined as watering too frequently. Roots need time to dry out and breathe. They need oxygen to survive. Watering too frequently drowns roots and can create root rot and plant disease. Watering plants other than annuals or very small perennials every day will result in over watering. Ironically, the symptoms of overwatering can look very similar to under watering.  

Most plants will not only tolerate a little dryness but actually prefer to become moderately dry before being watered again. Do not water every day. This will drown the roots, suffocate and consequently kill the plant

·        Guidelines for Watering New Lawns
1. Watering should start immediately after seeding is completed adding approximately 1” of water over the entire area (with either an oscillating                    or rotating sprinkler). To measure water amounts, place a tin pie plate in water area for monitoring purposes.  Please make certain not to over                   water and create puddles or “wash-outs”.

2. Water using Step #1 as often as twice a day until the grass is of mowing height and you may begin mowing at this time.

3. Reduce watering to 3 times per week allowing the water to seep 3 to 4 inches deep.  This should become common practice during the hot and dry summer months.

4. After the second mowing it is a good practice to apply fertilizer. The germination process requires a good deal of nutrients tending to leave the soil depleted.

Moon Brothers Landscaping Has Moved!

09/03/2013 10:44 am

Beginning today, September 3, we are operating out of our new location across from the Nittany Mall. 

Anne Lieb Added to Staff

07/27/2012 8:33 am

We are please to announce the addition of Anne Lieb to our professional staff operating out of our West College Avenue office. Anne's responsibilities will focus on residential and commercial landscape maintenance. Anne is a Penn State graduate with a bachelor's degree in Landscape Contracting. For the past six years she has been a maintenance property manager in the Washington DC/ Baltimore areas serving both private residential homes along with commercial office building, hotels and townhome communities. Anne lives in Centre County with her husband, Jason, and enjoys playing golf.

De-icing Your Concrete Pavers

11/03/2011 13:46 pm

When installed properly, snow can be shoveled or plowed from your concrete paver surfaces as readily as other pavements. Today's high strength and low absorption pavers are more resistant to de-icing salts than ordinary concrete, however they can still be damaged by intense appications. Keep in mind that magnesium chloride is less damaging than rock salt (sodium chloride) or calcium chloride.

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